World AIDS Day is celebrated on December 1 every year in the world. We are honoring the vital and varied contributions that communities around the world make to the HIV response. It includes everything from addressing stigma, discrimination and defending human rights to increasing access to life-saving services and ensuring that people are at the centre of policy-making and implementation. This day was globally started in August 1987 by two individuals, James W. Boone and Thomas Netter, associated with the AIDS Awareness Campaign in the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to a UNICEF report, 36.9 million people have been infected with HIV. However, according to data released by the Government of India, the number of HIV-infected people in the country is estimated at 2.1 million.
What is HIV AIDS?
HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers.
Symptoms of HIV
-swollen lymph nodes
-general aches and pains
How the HIV is spread from person to person
-through vaginal or anal sex — the most common route of transmission, especially among men who have sex with men
-by sharing needles, syringes, and other items for injection drug use
-by sharing tattoo equipment without sterilizing it between uses
-during pregnancy, labor, or delivery from a woman to her baby
-through “pre-mastication,” or chewing a baby’s food before feeding it to them
-through exposure to the blood of someone living with HIV, such as through a needle stick
Remedies for AIDS Prevention
-Do not have intercourse with HIV victim
-Avoid having unprotected sex
-The needle or injection once used should not be reused
-The blood should be thoroughly examined and then raised
-When making a beard, always tell the barber to use a new blade
World AIDS Day 2019 Theme
If we talk about the theme of World AIDS Day-2019, it is Communities that makes the Difference. When the theme of World AIDS Day was “Know Your Status” in 2018. Which means, every human being must know his or her HIV status.