Gandhinagar: Students have been protesting in Gandhinagar for more than 30 hours for the irregularities in Bin-Sachivalay examinations. Students are demanding the SIT be entrusted with the investigation. If the demands of protesters are met, then only the agitation will be called off. Student leader Yuvrajsinh Jadeja said, CMO has to give written assurance. In such a situation, It is important to know what SIT is and how it works.
What is SIT?
SIT stands for Special Investigation Team. Which is specially constituted by the Supreme Court. The SIT usually includes judges and some well-informed experts. It is considered a Special Investigation Agency, Which can handle high profile cases or investigations against people without any pressure. In the past few years, the Supreme Court has constituted SIT for several matters. But is not that only the Supreme Court can form SIT. The state and central governments can also form SIT. In many cases the State Governments have also constituted the SIT.
How SIT Works
Constituted by the Supreme Court or state government, the SIT includes a Judge, who heads the investigation. He leads the investigation single headedly or other members are also nominated along with the Judge. The investigating force is well-endowed. No one has the right to interfere with their investigation. The SIT exchanges information with investigation agencies and administration.
What does the team do after an investigation?
The SIT completes the investigation within the stipulated time, after which the report is presented in the court. If the SIT is constituted by the state government, then this report is presented to the government. The court or government has the right to accept or reject this report. Sometimes the Supreme Court monitors the SITs it makes and also periodically asks for reports.
In which famous case was the SIT formed first?
Over the years, the Supreme Court has sometimes formed SITs. The Supreme Court formed SITs for cases ranging from black money investigation to IPL fixing. After the 2002 Gujarat riots, the SIT was formed on the orders of the Supreme Court.
What’s in the report?
Following the report submitted by the SIT, the court can initiate legal proceedings against individuals or organizations based on its findings. When the match-fixing scandal surfaced in IPL 6, the Supreme Court set up an investigation team led by Mukul Mudgal, retired Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court. On his recommendation, Justice RM Lodha was tasked to change the structure of the BCCI.