The political history of Jharkhand had broke away from Bihar in 2000 as a new state has emerged as a ‘roller coaster ride’. In the short span of 19 years of its existence, Jharkhand has seen 6 Chief Ministers who have held the post of Chief Minister ten times in different periods. Another amazing record is from Jharkhand and that is that no party has formed a government with an absolute majority in the state so far.
In the state of 26 percent tribal population and full of natural resources, no party has got a clear majority in 19 years. In such a situation, this tradition continues in 2019, when no political party has got majority. However, Raghubar Das has emerged as the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Those who have completed their tenure of five years. Earlier Babulal Marandi, Arjun Munda, Shibu Soren, Madhu Koda, Hemant Soren have become CM. In a state with 81 assembly seats, the fractured mandate has never had political stability and power keeps on coming.
In the last assembly elections i.e. 2014, BJP won 37 seats. Jawimo led by Babulal Marandi also did not perform poorly. It is a different matter that six JMM MLAs who won eight seats in Jharkhand, ‘notorious’ for political opportunism, broke down and went to BJP. The JMM also emerged as the second largest party performing better and won 19 assembly seats, leading by one seat. The Congress was reduced to just 6 seats. Others got six seats.
Since 2000, Jharkhand has been separated from Bihar, there have been many major reversals of this manner in politics. Not only this, the politics here is also called the politics of opportunism. Such was the trend of changing the party that the person who carried the saffron flag was in the Congress and the BJP, which had done politics for decades in the Congress. In the hope of everything better. In the electoral noise suppressed by the slogans of parties, leave aside the matter of bread, cloth, house. Here, Amit Shah said during the election campaign that the Ram temple will be seen in Ayodhya in the next four months. But it seems that this time the people of Jharkhand kept their spatial issues completely away from sensitive and national issues. And perhaps this has been the biggest reason behind the change of power.