The new National Education Policy (NEP) will make a 4-year integrated B.Ed degree the minimum qualification for teaching by 2030. The NEP also provides that stringent action will be taken against substandard standalone teacher education institutions.
The new policy was approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday and aims to bring in major reforms in the Indian education system.
Roadmap for reforms in teaching
The NEP also laid down a road map for how the demand for training teachers in tune with the policy requirements will be met.
“By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated BEd degree. Stringent action will be taken against substandard standalone Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs),” the policy document provides.
“A common National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by 2022, in consultation with NCERT, SCERTs, teachers and expert organisations from across levels and regions.”
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“The standards would cover the expected roles of the teacher at different levels of expertise and stage, and the competencies required for that stage. This could be adopted by states to determine all aspects of teacher career management, including tenure, professional development efforts, salary increases, promotions, and other recognitions. The professional standards will be reviewed and revised in 2030, and thereafter every ten years,” it added.
National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education by 2021
By 2021, a new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education will be formulated by the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) in consultation with the NCERT.
“A National Mission for Mentoring will be established, with a large pool of outstanding senior and retired faculty who would be willing to provide short and long-term mentoring and professional support to university or college teachers,” the policy said.
New policy to bring transparency in teachers’ recruitment
The new policy has also focused on transparency in the teacher recruitment process and the need for a mechanism for periodic performance review of teachers.
“Teachers will be recruited through robust, transparent processes. Promotions will be merit-based, and a mechanism for multi-source periodic performance appraisals will be put in place.
Progression paths to become educational administrators or teacher educators will be available for the teachers,” the policy said.
New policy proposes several reforms
Teaching up to class 5 in mother tongue or regional language, lowering the stakes of board exams, a single regulator for higher education institutions except for law and medical colleges and common entrance tests for universities are part of the sweeping reforms in the new National Education Policy(NEP) unveiled on Wednesday.
Replacing the 10+2 structure of school curricula with a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years respectively, scrapping M.Phil programmes and implementing common norms for private and public higher education institutions are among other salient features of the new policy.
The NEP approved by the Union Cabinet at a meeting presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi replaces the 34-year-old National Policy on Education framed in 1986, and is aimed at paving the way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems to make India a global knowledge superpower.
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