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4 sites in Gujarat and Haryana recognised as Ramsar sites—All you need to know


Four more sites in India—two each in Gujarat and Haryana—have got recognition from the Ramsar Secretariat as Ramsar sites. With the addition of the four sites, the total number of Ramsar sites in India has now touched 46.

The four sites that have been recognised as wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention include Thol and Wadhwana in Gujarat and Sultanpur and Bhindawas in Haryana. The Ramsar list aims to develop and maintain an international network of wetlands that are important for the conservation of global biological diversity.

Thol and Wadhwana in Gujarat

The Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat lies on the Central Asian Flyway. It is home to more than 320 bird species. The wetland supports more than 30 threatened waterbird species, such as the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing, and the vulnerable Sarus Crane, Common Pochard, and Lesser White-fronted Goose.

Wadhwana Wetland from Gujarat is internationally important for its birdlife as it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds. The wetland hosts over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway. They include some threatened or near-threatened species such as the endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, the vulnerable Common Pochard, and the near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Grey-headed Fish-eagle and Ferruginous Duck.

Sultanpur and Bhindawas

Sultanpur National Park from Haryana supports more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory and local migratory waterbirds at critical stages of their life cycles. More than ten of these are globally threatened, including the critically endangered sociable lapwing, and the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern.

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest wetland in Haryana. It is a human-made freshwater wetland. It hosts over 250 bird species throughout the year as a resting and roosting site. The site includes more than ten globally threatened species including the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern.

PM Modi tweets

Prime Minister Narendra Modi reacted to the development on Twitter. He said it is a matter of pride that four Indian sites have secured Ramsar recognition.

“This once again manifests India’s centuries-old ethos of preserving natural habitats, working towards flora and fauna protection, and building a greener planet,” he said.


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