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Literacy rate: Gujarat among top 10 in India, but behind Assam, Himachal


Gujarat ranks ninth in overall literacy in the country with a rate of 82.4% but behind states like Assam and Himachal. Gujarat that is often touted for its economic prosperity has improved its literacy rate but continues to be behind many poor states in terms of ranking

The National Statistical Office (NSO)’s report on the 75th round of National Sample Survey ranked Gujarat at number 9 for literacy. Kerala topped the list with the highest rate of 96.2%.


The survey was carried out from July 2017 to June 2018 and shows state-wise detail of literacy rate among the persons aged seven years and above.

Ranking of other states

Delhi comes second with a literacy rate of 88.7% followed by Uttarkhand at 87.6%, Himachal Pradesh at 86.6% and Assam’s at 85.9%.

Andhra Pradesh ranked lowest with 66.4% literacy rate while Rajasthan was the second-worst performer with a rate at 69.7%.

Bihar at 70.9%, Telangana at 72.8%, Uttar Pradesh at 73%, and Madhya Pradesh at 73.7% made the rest of the states in the bottom 10.

 Gujarat has a literacy rate of 82.4% below Maharashtra at 84.8%, Punjab at 83.7% and Tamil Nadu at 82.9%. Haryana ranks tenth with 80.4% literacy rate.

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Gujarat’s performance better than India

The overall literacy rate in the county is 77.3% and Gujarat’s performance is better than the national average at 82.4%. Gujarat’s rate was 78% during the 2011 census. This means the state has made considerable progress in the intervening years.

The survey terms a person as literate if he/she is over 7 years old and can read and write at least one language and can grasp it. A sample of 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages and 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks was surveyed all-over India.

24 % of people in rural areas and 56% in urban areas in the age group of 15 to 29 years were able to operate a computer.

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